Tratados & Convenções

OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions

Ano: 1999

Resumo: The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention establishes legally binding standards to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions and provides for a host of related measures that make this effective. It is the first and only international anti-corruption instrument focused on the ‘supply side’ of the bribery transaction. The 34 OECD member countries and seven non-member countries – Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Latvia, Russia, and South Africa – have adopted this Convention.

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United Nations Convention against Corruption

Ano: 2003

Resumo: The text of the United Nations Convention against Corruption was negotiated during seven sessions of the Ad Hoc Committee for the Negotiation of the Convention against Corruption, held between 21 January 2002 and 1 October 2003. The Convention approved by the Ad Hoc Committee was adopted by the General Assembly by resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003. The General Assembly, in its resolution 57/169 of 18 December 2002, accepted the offer of the Government of Mexico to host a high-level political signing conference in Merida for the purpose of signing the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

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Council of Europe –  Criminal Law Convention on Corruption 

Ano: 1998

Resumo: The Criminal Law Convention on Corruption was adopted in 1998 and represents a regional consensus on what states should do in the areas of criminalisation and international cooperation with respect to corruption. The convention covers the public sector and private sector corruption and a broad range of offences including bribery (domestic and foreign), trading in influence, money laundering and accounting offences. The Criminal Law Convention is complemented by an additional Protocol covering bribery offences committed by and against arbitrators and jurors. These two groups of persons do not legally qualify as public officials and are therefore not covered by the Criminal Law Convention.

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Council of Europe –  Civil Law Convention on Corruption 

Ano: 1998

Resumo: The Civil Law Convention on Corruption was adopted in 1998 and came into force in 2003. It provides for compensation for damages resulting from corruption, invalidity of corrupt contracts and whistleblower protection.

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